联系我们 | 网站地图 | English | 中国科学院
首页 概况简介 机构设置 科研装备 科研成果 人才教育 院地合作 国际交流 学术出版物 党建文化 所内网页
外籍专家
院士专家
百人计划
杰出青年
创新群体
研究员
副研究员
助理研究员
千人计划
外籍专家
博士后
通知公告
关于中央财政相关科研...
第三届古生物学青年学...
2018年招收攻读博士学...
相关链接


现在位置:首页 科研队伍
 
外籍专家
姓    名:
Graham SHIELDS
性    别:
职    务:
外国专家特聘研究员
职    称:
外国专家特聘研究员(2010-2016)
通讯地址:
南京市北京东路39号
邮政编码:
210008
电子邮件:
g.shields@ucl.ac.uk

 简历:
 
Graham Shields博士1988年毕业于帝国理工学院, 1997年在瑞士苏黎世理工大学获得博士学位,1997-1999年在法国国家科学研究中心(CNRS)开展博士后研究,2000-2001年在加拿大渥太华大学做客座研究,2003-2005年在澳大利亚James Hook大学任高级讲师,2006-2007年获得洪堡奖学金在德国明斯特大学任客座研究员。2008年至今任伦敦大学学院副教授Shields博士目前是国际地质对比计划“新元古代冰期”(IGCP 521)项目的负责人,地科联国际地层委员会新元古代地层分会秘书长。已经发表论文55篇论文(目录见英文表),论文引用次数超过1000次(H指数=18)。主要学术成就包括:

1.对晚前寒武纪-早古生代关键地质时段不同地区沉积地层开展了Sr和C同位素综合研究。1999年首次建立了新元古代至寒武纪Sr和C同位素演化曲线和全球对比框架,这一成果被广泛应用于这一时期生物演化和古气候变化研究。 

2.开展了前寒武纪-寒武纪过渡时期不同地区碳酸岩和磷酸岩的S和稀土元素(REE)的研究,对这一时期的生物地球化学循环和海洋的含氧性开展了探索,识别了寒武纪一个与火山活动-缺氧事件相关的生物灭绝事件。 

3.2002年发表全球首个跨越整个前寒武纪-寒武纪地质时间段内碳酸岩所有同位素数据库(包括10万个以上数据)和分析结果,该数据库被广泛应用于地球早期海洋和大气的演化研究。最近被用于地质历史时期的水循环的研究。 

4.作为最新连任的国际地层委员会新元古代地层分会秘书长和正在执行的国际地质对比计划“新元古代冰期”(IGCP 521)项目的负责人,Shields博士促进了新元古代年代地层框架的建立和新元古代大冰期的研究。他和同事共同组织编辑的关于全球新元古代大冰期综合研究专著包含70章,将于2010年出版,这将是关于全球新元古代大冰期时期(850-542 Ma)地球系统的最全面研究总结。

 研究领域:
 
同位素地球化学,沉积地质学,前寒武纪-寒武纪地球系统科学

 社会任职:
 

 获奖及荣誉:
 

 承担科研项目情况:
 

 代表论著:
 
 

1Brasier, M.D., Shields, G.A., Kuleshov, V.N. & Zhegallo, E.A. (1996) Integrated chemo- and biostratigraphic calibration of early animal evolution: Neoproterozoic-early Cambrian of southwest Mongolia. Geological Magazine (1.4) 133, 445-485.

2Jacobs, E., Weissert, H., Shields, G.A. & Stille, P. (1996) The Monterrey event in the Mediterranean: a record from shelf sediments of Malta. Paleoceanography (3.0) 11, 717-728.

3Lindsay, J.F., Brasier, M.D., Shields, G.A., Khomentovsky, V.V. & Bat-Ireedui, Y.A. (1996) Glacial facies associations in a Neoproterozoic back-arc setting, Zavkhan Basin, western Mongolia. Geological Magazine (1.4) 133, 391-402.

5Brasier, M.D., Green, O. & Shields, G.A. (1997) Ediacarian sponge spicules from western Mongolia and the origins of the Cambrian fauna. Geology (3.5) 25, 4, 303-306.

7Stille, P. & Shields, G.A. (1997) Radiogenic isotope geochemistry of sedimentary and aquatic systems. Lecture Notes in Earth Science, Springer Verlag. 217 pages, 144 figures, 12 tables.

9Shields, G.A., Stille, P., Brasier, M.D. & Atudorei, V. (1998) Ocean stratification and oxygenation of the Late Precambrian environment: a post-glacial geochemical record from a Neoproterozoic section in W Mongolia. Terra Nova (1.7) 9, 218-222.

10Purton, L.M.A., Shields, G.A., Brasier, M.D. & Grimes, G.W. (1999) Metabolism controls Sr/Ca ratios in fossil aragonitic molluscs. Geology (3.5) v. 27, p. 1083-1086.

11Shields, G.A. (1999) Working towards a new stratigraphic calibration scheme for the Neoproterozoic - Cambrian. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae (1.2) v. 92, p. 221-233.

12Shields, G.A., Strauss, H., Howe, S.S. & Siegmund, H. (1999) Sulphur isotope compositions of sedimentary phosphorites from the basal Cambrian of China - Implications for Neoproterozoic-Cambrian biogeochemical cycling. Journal of the Geological Society (London) (2.3) v. 156, p. 943-957.

13Brasier, M.D., McCarron, G., Tucker, R., Leather, J., Allen, P. & Shields, G.A. (2000) U/Pb zircon dates for Neoproterozoic glacials to Cloudina in the Huqf Supergroup of Oman. Geology (3.5) v. 28, p. 175-178.

14Brasier, M.D. & Shields, G.A. (2000) Chemostratigraphy and correlation of the Neoproterozoic Port Askaig glaciation, Dalradian Supergroup of Scotland. Journal of the Geological Society (London) (2.3) v. 157, p. 909-914.

18Shields, G.A., Stille, P. & Brasier, M.D. (2000) Isotopic records across two phosphorite giant episodes compared: the Precambrian-Cambrian and the late Cretaceous-recent. In: Marine authigenesis: From Global to Microbial (edited by C. Glenn, L. Prévôt-Lucas, J. Lucas) SEPM special volume 66, p. 103-116.

19Yang, J., Chen, J., An, Z., Shields, G.A., Tao, X., Zhu, H., Ji, J. and Chen, Y. (2000) Variations in 87Sr/86Sr ratios of calcites in Chinese loess; a proxy for chemical weathering associated with the East Asian summer monsoon. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (2.4) v. 157, p. 151-159.

20Ebneth, S., Shields, G.A., Veizer, J., Miller, J.F. & Shergold, J. (2001) High-resolution strontium isotope stratigraphy across the Cambrian-Ordovician transition. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (4.2) v. 65, p. 2273-2292.

22Shields, G.A. and Stille, P. (2001) Diagenetic constraints on the use of the cerium anomaly as a palaeoredox indicator: REE and isotopic data from basal Cambrian phosphorites. Chemical Geology (3.5) v. 175, p. 29-48.

23Shields, G.A. (2002) A chemical explanation for the mid-Neoproterozoic disappearance of molar-tooth structure ~750 Ma. Terra Nova (1.7) v. 14, p. 108-113.

24Shields, G.A., Brasier, M.D., Stille, P. and Dorjnamjaa, D. (2002) Factors contributing to high δ13C in Cryogenian limestones of western Mongolia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters (3.9) v. 196, p. 99-111.

25Shields, G.A. and Veizer, J. (2002) The Precambrian marine carbonate isotope database: version 1.1. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (2.4) v. 3(6), 10.1029/2001GC000266.

26Perret, D., Crovisier, J.-L., Stille, P., Shields, G.A., Mäder, U., Advocat, T., Schenk, K. and Chardonnens, M. (2003) Thermodynamic stability of waste glasses compared to leaching behaviour. Applied Geochemistry (1.9) v. 18, p. 1165-1184.

27Shields, G.A., Carden G.A.F., Veizer, J., Meidla, T., Rong, J.-Y. and Li, R.-Y. (2003) Sr, C and O isotope geochemistry of Ordovician brachiopods: a major event around the Middle-Late Ordovician transition. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (4.2) v. 67, p. 2005-2025.

29Perret, D., Stille, P., Crovisier, J.-L., Shields, G.A., Mäder, U., Schenk, K. & Chardonnens, M. (2004) Corrosion and stability of vitrified material from municipal solid wastes. In: Energy, Waste and the Environment: a Geochemical Perspective (edited by R. Giere and P. Stille) Geological Society of London Special Publication 236, 381-410.

30Robb, L., Knoll, A.H., Plumb, K., Shields, G.A., Strauss, H. & Veizer, J. (2004) Chapter 12: The Precambrian. In: The 2004 geological timescale (edited by J. G. Ogg, F. Gradstein and A. Smith) Cambridge University Press, pp. 128-140.

32Shields, G.A., Kimura, H., Yang, J. and Gammon, P. (2004) Sulphur isotopic evolution of Neoproterozoic-Cambrian seawater: new francolite-bound sulphate δ34S data and a critical appraisal of the existing record. Chemical Geology (3.5) v. 204, p. 163-182.

33Shields, G.A. and Veizer, J. (2004) Isotopic signatures. In: The Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event (edited by B. Webby, M. Droser, F. Paris, I. Percival). Columbia University Press, pp. 68-71.

34Shields, G.A. and Webb, G.E. (2004) Has the REE composition of seawater changed over geological time? Chemical Geology (3.5) v. 204, p.103-107.

35Shields, G.A. (2005) Cap carbonates: a critical appraisal of existing formation models and the Plumeworld hypothesis. Terra Nova (1.7) v. 17, p. 299-310.

36Shields, G.A. (2005) The Carbon Cycle. In: The Encyclopaedia of Geology (edited by R.C. Selley, Cocks, R. and Plimer, I.) Elsevier, pp. 335-345.

37Goldberg, T., Mazumdar, A., Strauss, H. and Shields, G.A. (2006) Insight from stable S and O isotopes into biogeochemical processes and genesis of lower Cambrian barite-pyrite concretions of South China. Organic Geochemistry (2.1) 37, 1278-1288.

38Hough, M., Shields, G.A., Strauss, H., Evins, L., Henderson, R.A. and Mackenzie, S. (2006) A major sulphur isotope event at c. 510 Ma: a possible anoxia-extinction-volcanism connection during the Early-Middle Cambrian transition? Terra Nova (1.7) v. 18, p. 257-263.

39Kasting, J., Howard, M.T., Wallmann, K., Veizer, J., Shields, G.A. and Jaffrés, J. (2006) Paleoclimates, sea levels and the oxygen isotope composition of seawater. Earth and Planetary Science Letters (3.9) v. 252, p. 82-93.

41Guo, Q., Shields, G.A., Liu, C., Strauss, H., Goldberg, T. and Pi, D. (2007) Trace element chemostratigraphy of two Ediacaran - Cambrian successions in South China: implications for organosedimentary metal enrichment and silicification in the Early Cambrian. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (2.4) v. 254, p. 194-216.

42Jaffrés, J., Shields, G.A. and Wallmann, K. (2007) The oxygen isotope evolution of seawater: a critical review of a long-standing controversy and an improved geological water cycle model for the past 3.4 billion years. Earth Science Reviews (4.0) v. 83, p. 83-122.

43Lewis, S.J., Shields, G.A., Kamber, B. and Lough, J.M. (2007) A multi-trace element coral record of land-use changes in the Burdekin River catchment, NE Australia . Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (1.8) v.246, p. 471-487.

44Shields, G.A. (2007) The marine carbonate and chert isotope records and their implications for tectonics, life and climate on the early Earth. In: Earth’s Earliest Rocks (edited by M. J. Van Kranandonk, R.H. Smithies and V. Bennett), Developments in Precambrian Geology v. 5, pp. 971-983, Elsevier.

45Shields, G.A. (2007) A normalised seawater strontium isotope curve: possible implications for Neoproterozoic-Cambrian weathering rates and the further oxygenation of the Earth. eEarth v. 2, p. 1-8.

46Shields, G.A., Deynoux, M. Culver, S.J., Brasier, M.D., Affaton, P. and Vandamme, D. (2007) Neoproterozoic glaciomarine and cap dolostone facies of the southwestern Taoudéni Basin (Walidiala Valley, Senegal/Guinea, NW Africa). Comptes Rendus Geoscience (1.0) v. 339, p. 186-199.

47Shields, G.A., Deynoux, M., Strauss, H., Paquet, H. and Nahon, D. (2007) Barite-bearing cap carbonates of the Taoudéni Basin, northwest Africa: sedimentary and isotopic evidence for methane seepage from permafrost after a Neoproterozoic glaciation. Precambrian Research (3.7) v. 153, p. 209-235.

48Shields, G.A. and Kasting, J.F. (2007) No evidence for hot early oceans? Nature (26.7) v. 447, doi:10.1038/nature05830.

49Wotte, T., Alvaro, J.-J., Shields, G.A., Brown, B., Brasier, M.D. and Veizer, J. (2007) High resolution C-, O- and Sr-isotope stratigraphy across the Lower-Middle Cambrian transition of the Cantabrian Mountains (Spain) and the Montagne Noire (France), West Gondwana. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (2.4) v. 256, p. 47-70.

50Zhu, M., Strauss, H. and Shields, G.A. (2007) From Snowball Earth to the Cambrian bioradiation: calibration of Ediacaran-Cambrian Earth history in South China Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (2.4) v. 254, p. 1-6.

51Kouchinsky, A., Bengtson, S., Gallet, Y., Korovnikov, I., Pavlov, V., Runnegar, B., Shields, G.A., Veizer, J., Young, E. and Ziegler, K. (2008) SPICE excursion in Siberia: A combined carbon-oxygen-strontium isotope and magnetostratigraphy study of the upper Middle Cambrian-lowermost Ordovician Kulyumbe river section, northwestern Siberian platform. Geological Magazine (1.4)

52Lewis, S.E., Wüst, R.A.J., Webster, J.M. and Shields, G.A. (2008) A revised sea-level curve for the Great Barrier Reef and eastern Australia over the last 7,000 years. Terra Nova (1.7) v. 20, p. 74-81.

53Prokoph, A., Shields, G.A. and Veizer, J. (2008) Time-series analysis of a Phanerozoic marine carbonate δ18O, δ13C, 87Sr/86Sr and δ34S database through Earth history. Earth Science Reviews (4.0) v. 87, p. 117-137.

54Papineau, D., Purohit, R., Goldberg, T., Pi, D., Shields, G.A., Bhu, H., Steele, A. and Fogel, M.L. (2009) High primary productivity and nitrogen cycling after the Paleoproterozoic phosphogenic event in the Aravalli Supergroup, India. Precambrian Research (3.7) v. 171, p. 37-56.

55Pi, D., Liu, C.-Q., Shields, G.A., Deng, H.-L., Guo, Q.-J. and Jiang, S.-Y. (in review) A hydrothermally-influenced stratified ocean in the early Cambrian: Evidence from trace and rare earth elements and organic carbon isotope geochemistry of a black shale sequence in Zunyi, South China. Chemical Geology.

 

Edited books and book chapters currently accepted for publication

56Arnaud, E., Halverson, G.P. and Shields, G.A. (editors) The Geological Record of Neoproterozoic glaciations. Geological Society of London Memoir, 71 chapters.

57Shields, G.A., Hill, A. and MacGabhann, B. Chapter The Cryogenian Period. In: A New Geological Timescale F. Gradstein, J. Ogg. & A.G. Smith (Eds.) Cambridge University Press (invited chapter).

58Narbonne, G.M., Xiao, S. and Shields, G.A. The Ediacaran Period. In: A New Geological Timescale F. Gradstein, J. Ogg. & A.G. Smith (Eds.) Cambridge University Press (invited chapter).

59McArthur, J.M., Howarth, R.J. and Shields, G.A. Chapter 7: Strontium isotope stratigraphy. In: A New Geological Timescale F. Gradstein, J. Ogg. & A.G. Smith (Eds.) Cambridge University Press (invited chapter).

 

Some relevant 2009 abstracts:

60Cremonese, L., Struck, U., Shields, G.A. et al. (2009) Delta N-15 chemostratigraphy of Ediacaran-Cambrian  sections in South China. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta v. 73, p. A251.

61Li, D., Ling, H., Shields, G.A. et al. (2009) C and Sr isotope stratigraphy of the Ediacaran-Cambrian Xiaotan section, Yangtze Platform, S. China. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta v. 73, p. A751.

62Och, L., Shields, G.A., Ling, H. et al. (2009) Redox-sensitive trace metals during the Neoproterozoic oxygenation event. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta v. 73, p. A962.

62Zhu, M., Lu, M., Shen, Y., Shields, G.A. et al. (2009) Testing primary origin and duration of the largest negative delta C-13 3xcursion in the Ediacaran ocean: Insight from South China. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta v. 73, p. A1532.

Copyright 2009 中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所
地址:南京市北京东路39号(210008) Tel:025-83282105 Fax:025-83357026 Email:ngb@nigpas.ac.cn
苏ICP备05063896号